Leah is employed as an ICT Officer and works as systems analyst at Kenya National Examinations Council (KNEC). Previously worked for Corebase Solutions Ltd as an IT Business consultant, between 2005 and 2010. She holds a bachelor’s degree in Business Information Technology (BBIT). Other professional studies and short courses attained are: Cisco Certification in Network Administration at KTTC: Supervisory skills at Kenya school of government; Planet press connect system at planet press objectiflune in South Africa; and Microsoft certified solution developer(MCSD) at computer pride. She has been involved in a number of information systems development projects in the digitizing public organizations as a way of improving service delivery.

Project Summary

Project Title: Digitisation Readiness Assessment in Public Organizations. A Case Study of Kenya National Examinations Council

Research Supervisor: Dr. Samuel Ruhiu

Abstract: An education system geared towards critical thinking, problem solving and lifelong learning is an important part of the innovation ecosystem. The examination process is an important indicator of learning outcomes. In Kenya, examinations are managed by Kenya National Examination Council (KNEC), who are required to provide accurate and timely examination information to education stakeholders, including candidates, schools, curriculum developers, and education policy makers. This is hampered by information held in hardcopy documents that poses a challenge to access, search, dissemination and analysis. A number of attempts to digitize existing documents have not been successful.This study purposed to develop a digitization readiness model for assessing the preparedness of KNEC and by extension other public organizations towards undertaking digitization. After reviewing theory on e-readiness and digitization of organizations, the study developed a digitization readiness assessment model (DRAM), which included organizational, IT governance, competency, technology and ICT security readiness indicators. The model was then validated through a survey at KNEC. Through a quantitative survey, the study sought to establish the preparedness of KNEC to carry out digitization. Purposive sampling targeting a population of 100 respondents was done. A questionnaire was the main data collection instrument, while data analysis was by use of frequencies, descriptive analysis and Principal Component Analysis.  The analysis established an aggregation of success factors along three components; most critical, critical, and less critical/supportive. The study reveals that the most critical indicators address governance of ICT projects, critical indicators addresses control measures of the same while less critical factors are supportive. The emergent digitization (preparedness) index for KNEC was found to be 2.88, on a scale of 1 to 4, where 2.5 is the minimum expected level of readiness. A critical look however at the individual indices that aggregate this score shows weakness in some of the factors associated with the “most critical” axis. These are competency readiness and Organizational Readiness. The study concludes that Digitization Readiness Assessment Model is useful to managers of public organizations, for decision-making and recommends sector wide approach towards digitization as a wayto optimize resources.